Flat heads are countersunk (cone shaped under the head) with a flat top. Slotted drive has a simple slot for a flat bladed screw driver.
The most common stainless steel for general hardware use.
A low carbon steel for general use. Zinc plated for moderate corrosion resistance.
Solid brass. An alloy of primarily copper and zinc with good corrosion resistance. Used mostly in decorative and electrical applications. Exact color varies.
Solid bronze. An alloy of copper with greater strength and corrosion resistance than brass. Exact color varies.